Read both of these articles, which can be accessed in the Trident library:
Purcell, N., & Cutchen, L. (2013). Diabetes self-management education for African Americans: Using the PEN-3 model to assess needs. American Journal of Health Education, 44(4), 203-212.
Lindberg, N. M., Stevens, V. J., & Halperin, R. O. (2013). Weight-Loss Interventions for Hispanic Populations: The Role of Culture. Journal of Obesity, 2013, 542736.
Choose ONE of the articles topics to focus on for the rest of the SLP. You will use the information in the selected publication as you go through the phases of applying the PEN-3 model to develop a hypothetical health education program.
Please let me know if you have trouble accessing these articles.
Write a paper that includes the following:
1. Provide a brief overview of the health issue among your selected group, statistics about the scope of the problem, and its implications for health.
2. Describe the Cultural Identity of the group you chose. Specifically address how each of the PEN-3 models three factors within Cultural Identity applies to your group and provide examples.
Use subheadings to clearly show that you have addressed each of the three factors.
Support your discussion with references from scholarly and professional references (not just your opinion). REFERENCES CANNOT BE OLDER THAN 5 YEARS!
Added on 06.05.2016 14:45
According to USDHHS (2005), “Culture” refers to integrated patterns of human behavior that include the language, thoughts, communications, actions, customs, beliefs, values, and institutions of racial, ethnic, religious, or social groups. “Competence” implies having the capacity to function effectively as an individual and an organization within the context of the cultural beliefs, behaviors, and needs presented by consumers and their communities. (Adapted from Cross, 1989).
Culture influences health beliefs, health behaviors, and health status of individuals, families, and communities. Dr. Collins Airhihenbuwa, a health educator and a professor at The Pennsylvania State University Department of Biobehavioral Health, found that many health education programs are designed from a Western culture perspective. He developed a program planning model called PEN-3 that guides the development of health promotion interventions by incorporating cultural influences on health behaviors.
The PEN-3 model has been successfully used to plan and implement child survival interventions and HIV prevention interventions in African countries. It is very useful for health educators in any country as we try to promote health among individuals and communities from various cultures.
The PEN-3 model has three dimensions of health beliefs and behavior that all work together to influence health:
Relationships and Expectations
In this module we will focus on Cultural Identity. The three factors in this dimension are:
P – Person. Health education should be committed to improving the health of everyone. Therefore, individuals should be empowered to make informed decisions which are appropriate to their roles in their families and communities. As program planners, we have to decide whether we will be most effective providing programs geared to the individuals, the extended family, or the community.
E – Extended Family. Health education should be targeted to not only the immediate family but also to the extended family or kinships. When the program is designed to target a particular member of the family, the individual should become the focus within the context of that person”s environment.
N – Neighborhood. Health education should be committed to promoting health and preventing disease in neighborhoods and communities. Involvement of community members and their leaders is critical to providing culturally appropriate health programs.
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